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Admission Requirements for Higher Education in Israel


Admission requirements for higher education in Israel
Depending upon the level of study one is aiming for, entrance requirements for higher education in Israel vary. However, what one must essentially possess is a good understanding of Hebrew if one is pursuing non English medium courses. For courses taught specifically in English medium, students have to understand and meet specific language requirements such as TOEFL or its equivalent 

Students must also have sufficient comprehension of Hebrew to take part in regular studies. For ensuring proficiency in Hebrew, certain universities make it compulsory for global students to take part in a language course in Hebrew called Ulpan. This is studied prior to the commencement of regular courses. Numerous programmes are present to enable students to polish their skill in this language. 

Entrance Requirements for Bachelor’s Degree in Israel

Admission Criteria: To qualify for entry into undergraduate degree courses in Israel, students require a high school diploma equivalent to the bagrut in Israel. Students who do not have equivalent diplomas should complete one year at a foreign university. They can also enter pre-academy preparatory program to get the qualifications they need. 

Psychometric Assessments: Students are also required to appear in a psychometric entrance examination such as the NITE/National Institute of Testing and Evaluation Psychometric Entrance Test or SAT/Scholastic Aptitude Test in the US. Certain higher educational institutions also have additional requirements such as interviews or more tests. NITE is offered in several different languages and locations across the world and the test can be undertaken unlimited number of times. Each time the test is taken must be apart by 10 months. Results of the NITE are valid for 5 years. 

Certain courses also require students to be Israeli citizens- this includes courses such as dental medicine, medicine, veterinary medicine, speech therapy and physical therapy

Master Degree Admission Requirements in Israel

Admission Criteria: Entrance requirements to master’s degree courses include a good B average in the concerned Bachelor’s degree course. Certain programmes require better grades. Some also need GRE/GMAT scores as well as personal interviews. Undergraduate degree courses in Israel are extremely specialised and interdisciplinary. Students therefore need to take supplementary additional courses along with the standard program. 

Doctorate Degree Admission Requirements in Israel

Admission Criteria: For doctoral degree programmes, students need to possess a master’s degree with an excellent thesis and good grade average. Specific requirements were established by each individual school or program. Certain universities also provide Direct Doctoral Programs for exceptional students at Bachelor’s degree levels. The first year is therefore an accelerated master’s program. 

Doctoral students should also have achievements in undergraduate course level and excellent achievements in graduate course level. High GRE/GMAT scores are an added bonus. International students who do not hold an Israeli citizenship should apply for scholarship. 

Language Requirements for Admission into Higher Education

Hebrew

If the course is Hebrew medium, then international students should study a basic, elementary Hebrew course before commencing with their studies. Fresh immigrants known as Olim are needed to pass a test in Hebrew before their admission. Test for proficiency in Hebrew is given 3 times in a year namely June, September and January


English

Admission requirements for higher education in Israel
Textbooks as well as scientific papers require understanding of English, if the course is non Hebrew medium. Knowledge of English language is vital in such cases. Applicants from nations where English is a spoken language who hold either a high school diploma or an academic type of degree are not mandated to give the English test. Foreign applicants from non English speaking nations that are not Olim must pass their English test before or towards the start of the commencement of the first semester. If GRE/GMAT is taken with a verbal score of 75% or more, students are exempted from demonstrating proficiency in English. 

Students who are enrolled in English academic programs such as MBA are exempt from knowing Hebrew. 



Statistical Snapshot of Admissions in Israeli Institutions

Composition of Students: Amidst high school graduates, women outnumber men in the percentage 66% to 53%. In the year 2010-2011, 56.5% were  female students. Women constitute a higher majority in all types of degree programs including bachelor’s, master’s, doctoral and certificates. For undergraduate degree programs, 55.9% were women while for the master’s degree, the percentage was 59.2. In doctoral programs, 52.4% were women while 76.9% were female students in certificate courses. 

Number of Students and Favourite Courses: Amidst 251,800 students in the year 2010-2011, 11% were Arab students and 7.7% of university students applying for postgraduate degree courses. Most preferred subjects for higher education in Israel are management, law and social sciences. In 2009, around 46% of the students enrolled in higher educational institutions studied these subjects. 

Median Age: In 2010-2011, the median age of students in undergraduate degree courses was 25.1 while for master’s degree, the age was 30.7 years. Doctoral students average around 33.7 years. Of the 251,800 students attending universities and colleges in 2010-2011, 75% or 189,200 appeared for bachelor’s degree courses while 55,300 of them were fresh students. Of these, 20% or around 50,800 were master’s students while 4% or 10,600 were enrolled in doctoral programs. The remaining were studying for certificate courses. Compared to the previous year, percentage by which undergraduate student’s numbers rose was 2.4% while number of new students increased by 0.5%. Number of postgraduate students rose by 7.5% while the number of doctoral students remained the same. 

Conclusion

Israeli higher education system has specified admission criteria and requirements which must be met. Higher education can only be accessed by superlative students. The academic system in higher educational institutions in Israel is extremely competitive. 

In 2010-2011, 125,000 students attended university which was an increase from 0.9% from the previous year. Around 96,700 students attended academic colleges indicating an increase of 5.6% and 30,000 students attended teacher’s training  college which is 2.7%  more than the previous year. Additionally, 46,000 students completed the academic track at the Open university of which 42,900 were in the bachelor’s degree program and the remaining studied at higher levels of education than this. 

Higher education in Israel is publicly funded and 13% of students were enrolled in private colleges in 2010-2011 as against 75% in Japan and Korea and average of 8.2% in EU nations. 60% of Israeli high school graduates make it to undergraduate courses.
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