Education System in Israel

The pre-primary, primary and secondary education in Israel is well organized. Higher education in Israel is centered around universities including research universities and academic colleges/teacher training colleges. There is also an Open University. Education is given a high priority in Israel and it is accorded priority. There is a Council of Higher Education to ensure quality assurance.

Pre-Primary Education in Israel

Education commences at a young age so that children can get a head-start. The emphasis is on socialization skills and development of language. 2 as well as 3 to 4 year olds in Israel attend some form of preschool. Preschools are sponsored by Israeli local authorities. Women’s organizations also operate day-cares. Special resources are provided for education for preschool in areas where there are economic hurdles. 
Kindergartens are free as well as compulsory in Israeli educational system. They admit children at the age of 5. Pre-school or pre-primary education comprises fundamental basic skills including numerical concepts, language, cognitive as well as creative skills as well as social abilities. Education ministry oversees the curriculum to ensure stable learning process. 

Primary Education in Israel

In Israel, it is compulsory to attend school from ages 6 onto 18. School education is mandatory. Formal education commences in primary schools from grades 1 to 6. It then continues onto intermediate school which constitutes grades 7 to 9 and secondary schools comprising grades 10 to 12. Currently, 9% of the school population  following primary education are in boarding schools. 
The multicultural nature of Israeli society is reflected in its education system. There are 4 different kinds of schools:

State Schools: These are attended by a major percentage of the pupils
State schools (Religious): These focus on Jewish studies, observance and tradition
Arab, Druze schools: Medium of instruction is Arabic and key focus is on history of the Druze and Ara as well as their religion and culture.
Private Schools: These operate under religious and global auspices
New/novel schools have also been founded keeping the philosophies and belief systems of educators in mind. 

Curriculum for Schools

Many parts of the school day are allocated for compulsory studies on academic topics. The subject can be covered in a uniform manner across the system wherein each school opts to pursue a course based on selection from a whole set of study units as well as teaching materials as per the Education ministry. The course chosen is based on the requirements of the faculty as well as pupil considerations. Each year, an important topic of national vital importance is pursued in depth. These themes include importance of democracy, Hebrew language, peace and Jerusalem. 

Secondary Education in Israel

A major percentage of the secondary schools provide academic curricula comprising science as well as humanities finally heading out to a certificate of matriculation as well as higher education. Specific secondary schools also provide education with specialized and specific curricula that pave the way for certificate of matriculation or vocation diploma.

Higher Education in Israel

Higher education plays a crucial role in the economy as well as the social development of the nation. Expansion of the system of higher education as well as greater inflow of high school graduates for taking matriculation exams are key features of the Israeli system. Higher education in Israel is conducted through universities. Non-university institutions of higher education only provide undergraduate courses. Regional colleges offer academic courses as well. There are also non-academic post secondary schools.

University: Most students commence studies at the ages of 20 to 24 on account of compulsory military service. Students come from 2 categories:
  • Those who have passed a series of matriculation exams
  • Those who have completed pre-academic preparatory programs
Women constitute a majority of the students in the Israeli universities. Subjects covered in these universities are widespread ranging from social sciences to sciences, humanities, business, management and maths.
All the universities in Israel with the exception of the Open University and one more institute offer undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral degree programmes. 

Post doctoral fellowships can be pursued in the field of physical as well as biological sciences. These are offered to students from Israel as well as international students. Special programs lasting one year and/or one semester for students who wish to study in Israel are also offered.

Higher education system in Israel is composed of:
  • Universities
  • Open University
  • Academic Training Colleges 
  • Regional Colleges
  • Extension campus of foreign institutions

Non-University Institutions of Higher Education in Israel 

Regional colleges for which students can apply also provide additional opportunities for those who cannot access universities. Undergraduate studies can commence at any of these colleges and be completed at the main university campus. Other institutions of higher education grant only bachelor’s degrees. Another type of higher education at non universities is at post secondary institutions which provide non academic programs of study in topics such as practical engineering, administration and more.
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