The Education System in Israel
Pre-primary, primary and secondary education in Israel is well
organized. Higher education in Israel is centered around universities
including research universities and academic colleges/teacher training
colleges. There is also an Open University. Education is given a high
priority in Israel and it is accorded priority. There is a Council of
Higher Education to ensure quality assurance.
Pre-Primary Education in Israel
Education commences at a young age so that children can get a head-start. The emphasis is on socialization skills and development of language. 2 as well as 3 to 4 year olds in Israel attend some form of preschool. Preschools are sponsored by Israeli local authorities. Women’s organizations also operate day-cares. Special resources are provided for education for preschool in areas where there are economic hurdles.
Kindergartens are free as well as compulsory in Israeli educational system. They admit children at the age of 5. Pre-school or pre-primary education comprises fundamental basic skills including numerical concepts, language, cognitive as well as creative skills as well as social abilities. Education ministry oversees the curriculum to ensure stable learning process.
Primary Education in Israel
In Israel, it is compulsory to attend school from ages 6 onto 18. School education is mandatory. Formal education commences in primary schools from grades 1 to 6. It then continues onto intermediate school which constitutes grades 7 to 9 and secondary schools comprising grades 10 to 12. Currently, 9% of the school population following primary education are in boarding schools.
The multicultural nature of Israeli society is reflected in its education system. There are 4 different kinds of schools:
State Schools: These are attended by a major percentage of the pupils
State schools(religious): These focus on Jewish studies, observance and tradition
Arab, Druze schools: medium of instructing is in Arabic and key focus on history of the Druze and Ara as well as their religion and culture
Private Schools: These operate under religious and global auspices
New/novel schools have also been founded keeping the philosophies and belief systems of educators in mind.
Curriculum for Schools
Many parts of the school day are allocated for compulsory studies on academic topics. The subject can be covered in a uniform manner across the system wherein each school opts to pursue a course based on selection from a whole set of study units as well as teaching materials as per the Education ministry. The course chosen is based on the requirements of the faculty as well as pupil considerations. Each year, an important topic of national vital importance is pursued in depth. These themes include importance of democracy, Hebrew language, peace and Jerusalem.
Secondary Education in Israel
A major percentage of the secondary schools provide academic curricula comprising science as well as humanities finally heading out to a certificate of matriculation as well as higher education.
Specialized Secondary Schools
Specific secondary schools also provide education with specialized and specific curricula that pave the way for certificate of matriculation or vocation diploma.
Technology schools provide training for acquisition of technical skills on the separate levels namely higher education, vocation diploma and skills in the practical field.
Agriculture schools are mostly situated in areas where people reside and they combine basic studies with topics pertaining to agronomic field
Military preparatories are oriented towards training future personnel as well as technicians in areas required by the Israeli Defence
Yeshiva High: These are chiefly schools for boarding with distinct stress on secular curricula and in-depth religion studies and complete observance of the rites and traditions pertaining to Jewish culture.
Comprehensive Schools: These provide studies in numerous vocations such as bookkeeping to graphic design.
Those not attending any of these schools must apply for Apprenticeship Law and learn trade at a vocational school which has been approved. These programs are offered by the Industry, Trade and Labour ministryin schools that are linked with vocation networks. Students can acquire an understanding of different kinds of trades through this program.
Higher Education in Israel
Higher education plays a crucial role in the economy as well as the social development of the nation. Higher education in Israel has expanded from 21 academic institutions in 1989-1990 to 70 in 2011-2012. The total inflow of students has increased from 88,800 to 306,600 in the same period. Overall student body has risen by an average of 5.8% every year, mostly due to the growth of teacher training colleges. In 2011-2012, the number of undergraduate students increased in colleges but remained stable in universities.
Higher education is a priority for Israel. Expansion of the system of higher education as well as greater inflow of high school graduates for taking matriculation exams are key features of the Israeli system. Higher education in Israel is conducted through universities. Non-university institutions of higher education only provide undergraduate courses. Regional colleges offer academic courses as well. There are also non-academic post secondary schools.
University: most students commence studies at the ages of 20 to 24 on account of compulsory military service. Students come from 2 categories:
- Thos who have passed a series of matriculation exams
- Those who have completed pre-academic preparatory programs
Women constitute a majority of the students in the Israeli universities. Subjects covered in these universities is widespread ranging from social sciences to sciences, humanities, business, management and maths.
All the universities in Israel with the exception of the Open University and one more institute offer undergraduate, postgraduate and doctoral degree programmes.
Post doc fellowships can be had in the field of physical as well as biological sciences. These are offered to students from Israel as well as international students.
Special programs lasting one year and/or one semester for students who wish to study in Israel are also offered
Universities in Israel have research as well as academic orientation. Basic research is carried out in the natural sciences, social sciences and humanities at these higher educational institutions. Israeli technological universities are extremely advanced- this includes Teachnion-Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa.
Higher education system in Israel is composed of:
- Open University
- Academic Training Colleges
- Regional Colleges
- Extension campus of foreign institutions
Israel has 7 universities which offer doctoral programmes as well.
Non-University Institutions of Higher Education in Israel
Regional colleges for which students can apply also provide additional opportunities for those who cannot access universities. Undergraduate studies can commence at any of these colleges and completed at the main university campus. Other institutions of higher education grant only bachelor’s degree. Another type of higher education at non universities is at post secondary institutions which provide non academic programs of study in topics such as practical engineering, administration and more.
Israel has a well defined system of higher education as well as school education. It is oriented towards providing students with professional development opportunities and career advancement.