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Types of Higher Educational Institutions in Israel

Higher education in Israel has to be approved by the Council for Higher Education/CHE. Israeli systems of higher education include 5 different types of educational institutions.

Higher Educational Institutions in Israel 

Public Universities 

These universities promote education alongside research. Around 70% of funding is governmental for the universities. They are autonomous. Teaching plus program offering are independently formulated by these universities. 8 public universities are currently operating in Israel namely Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Technion, Tel Aviv University, Weizmann Institute of Science, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Open University, Bar-llan University, as well Haifa University. Education in these universities is Hebrew medium mostly. Preparatory courses in Hebrew are also offered. 

Regional Colleges

These bear affiliation with public universities. They provide Bachelor’s degree level courses. They also offer students the choice to complete the last year in a parent university. Some colleges offer complete undergraduate courses for students. 

Trade and Vocational Schools

These are known for education which is specialised such as law, management, teacher development, technology, paramedics, dental hygiene, hospital management or optometry. 
Foreign Universities

This is the fourth group of educational institutions in the field of Israeli higher education. 30 active campuses of these universities are open for those who pursue higher education in Israel. English as well as Hebrew medium courses are available for Israeli students

Private Universities

The final type of higher educational institutions are these. These have emerged in the past 10 years in India. They mostly specialise in areas such as law or business. They receive zero funding from the government and are funded largely through fees. This makes them costlier than public universities. 

Statistical Overview of Types of Educational Institutions in Israel

Number of Institutions: Higher education in Israel has undergone expansion. During the 1990s, there were 21 institutions in Israel with around 88,800 students. In 2010/2011, there were 66 institutions with around 297,800 students. This is an increase of 5.9%. Academic or teacher training colleges flourished during the 2000s accounting for this increase. Of 67 academic institutions in the year 2011-2012, there were 7 universities, 1 open university, 36 academic colleges and 23 teacher colleges. 

Number of Students Attending: In 2010-2011, 125,000 students attended universities while 96,700 students were part of academic colleges and 30,000 students were part of teacher colleges. 46,000 students studied in the academic track of the Open University. 

Percentage of Students: 13% of the students study at private colleges as against 75% in Korea and Japan and around 8.2% in the EU, according to the official study portal for higher studies in Israel. 60% of Israeli graduates opt for undergraduate programmes which is equivalent to that of OECD countries.

Popular Subjects: Most popular subjects studied in Israel include law, management and social sciences. In the year 2009, these areas accounted for close to over 46% of the students. 

Conclusion

Different types of higher educational institutions in Israel offer various opportunities for students to access excellent education. Programmes in these institutions focus on inculcating key career related skills in students and helping them to excel in the professional sphere.   
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